tiempos verbales

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INSTRUMENTAL ENGLISH

Repblica Bolivariana de VenezuelaMinisterio del Poder Popular para la Educacin SuperiorUniversidad Pedaggica Experimental LibertadorInstituto Pedaggico Barquisimeto Dr. Luis Beltrn Prieto FigueroaSubdireccin de Investigacin y Postgrado

Autores:

Lcdo. Fernando LamedaLcdo. Giovanny CrespoLcda. Rosnerys Ferrer

Tutora: Dra. Yenny RodrguezCatedra: Ingles InstrumentalCARORA; JULIO 2016VERB TENSESTIEMPOS VERBALES

CLASSIFICATION

SIMPLE PRESENT Es el tiempo verbal del presente que expresa accin habitual, es decir hbitos, rutinas en la vida cotidiana.

DO DOES

Example:

I Study educational management every day.

Do you study educational management every day?

I do not study educational management.

SIMPLE PRESENTEstructura del presente simpleAfirmativa: se le debe agregar una s al final del verbo de la tercera persona del singular y al resto de las personas no se le agrega.

He/she/it eats-plays-drinksExample:

She takes to management with important

Ella toma la gerencia con importancia

SIMPLE PRESENTEstructura del presente simpleNegativa: la conjugacin negativa se hace con el verbo to do ms el verbo en cuestin, se le coloca dont despus del sujeto y antes del verbo en todas las conjugaciones excepto con la tercera persona que es does.Subject + DO not + base form of verbExample:They do not work effectivelyEllos no trabajan con eficacia

SIMPLE PRESENTEstructura del presente simpleInterrogativa: se hacen oraciones con la forma:(wh) + do+ subject + base form of verbExample:

Does she knows to be a manager?

Sabe ella ser un gerente?

PRESENT CONTINUOUS Accin que ocurre en el momento presente, planes futuros e inmediatos, acciones montonas y molestas.

Afirmativa: subject + verb be (am-is-are) in present + verb-ingExample: He is working at the moment

Negativa: subject + verb in present + not + v-ingExample: They arent coming this evening

Interrogativa: (wh) verb be in present+ subject+verb ingExample: What are you doing?

PRESENT PERFECT Para expresar una accin que comenz en el pasado y termina, continua o tiene cualquier tipo de relacin en el presente.

Auxiliares: Have - Has

Afirmativa: s + have/has + v-participleExample: I have seen manager three times this week

Negativa: s + have/has + not + v-participleExample: He hasnt studying for long

Interrogativa: (wh?) + have/has + s + been + v-ingExample: How long have you been working on that problem?

SIMPLE PAST Expresamos algo que ocurri en un momento concreto del pasado o acciones consecutivas en el pasado.

Afirmativa : s + v en pasado (regular + ed irregular 2da columna)Example: I started playing piano in 2006.

Negativa: subject + did not + rrot of the verbExample: They didnt drive to work

Interrogativa: (wh) did+ subject + root of the verbExample: Where did she get that archive?

PAST CONTINUOUS Acciones en progreso en un tiempo pasado, acciones largas e inacabadas.

Afirmativa: subject + v be in past (was/were) + verb ingExample: I was watching tv

Negativa: subject + v be in past + not + verb ingExample: He wasnt working

Interrogativa: Auxiliares Was - Were( Wh) + v + be in past + s + v ing?Example: What were you doing?

SIMPLE FUTURE Expresamos predicciones sobre el futuro, horarios o un programa futuro definitivo, una tomar decisin en el momento que se habla.

Example: I think hell be a good manager.

Afirmativa : subject+will+base form of verb+object(s)Example: I will meet you at the airport tomorrow

Negativa: subject + will + not base form of verb + object(s)Example: He will not be able to comeInterrogativa: (question word) + will + s + base form of verb?Example: Will they visit us soom?

FUTURE CONTINUOUS Para expresar que estamos muy seguros de que algo ocurrir tal como se ha planeado.

Auxiliares: WILL BE + verb + ING

Afirmativa: subject + will + be + verb ingExample: I will be cooking dinner when younarrive

Negativa: subject + will + not + be + verb ingExample: They wont be living in paris time next year

Interrogativa: wh+will + subject+be+verb ing?Example: What will you be doing next week at this time?

SUMMARYSIMPLE PRESENTSIMPLE PASTSIMPLE FUTUREAUXILIARIESDO DOES(negative-interrogativeDID(negative-interrogative)WILLIstudyEnglish every day.Do you study English every day?I donot study English.IstudiedEnglish in England Two years ago.Did you study English in England?I didnot study English.Iwill helpyou study English.Will you help me study English?I wont help you study English.PRESENT CONTINUOUSPAST CONTINUOUSFUTURE CONTINUOUSAUXILIARIESAM-IS-ARE+ verb+INGWAS-WERE+ verb+INGWILL BE+ verb+INGIAM STUDYINGEnglish now.She IS STUDYING English nowYou ARE STUDYING English now.IWAS STUDYINGEnglish when you called yesterday.You WERE STUDYING English when you called yesterday.IWILL BE STUDYINGEnglish when you arrive tonight.She WILL BE STUDYING English when you arrive tonight.PRESENT PERFECTPAST PERFECTFUTURE PERFECTAUXILIARIESHAVE HAS+ verb P.PHAD+ verb P.PWILL HAVE +verb P.PIHAVE STUDIEDEnglish in several different countries.She HAS STUDIEDEnglish in several different countries.IHAD STUDIEDa little English before I moved to the U.S.She HAD STUDIEDa little English before I moved to the U.S.IWILL HAVE STUDIEDevery tense by the time I finish this course.

She WILL HAVE STUDIEDevery tense by the time I finish this course.PRESENT PERFECT CONTINUOUSPAST PERFECT CONTINUOUSFUTURE PERFECT CONTINUOUSAUXILIARIESHAVE-HAS+BEEN+verb+INGHAD+BEEN+verb+INGWILL HAVE BEEN+verb+INGIHAVE BEEN STUDYINGEnglish for five years.She HAS BEEN STUDYINGEnglish for five years.IHAD BEEN STUDYING English for five years before I moved to the U.S. IWILL HAVE BEEN STUDYING English for over two hours by the time you arrive.

She WILL HAVE BEEN STUDYING English for over two hours by the time you arrive.